Thursday, September 27, 2007

A Saga of Revolutionary Heroism, Supreme Sacrifice and Absolute Determination [(Edited) Source – CPI (ML) Liberation Website]

1965 – 1966
Charu Majumdar pens the famous eight documents, and advocates the path of armed protracted people’s war for accomplishing the Indian New Democratic Revolution. Majumdar puts forward the importance of Mao Tse-tung’s Thought and correctly upholds the Chinese path. The eight documents explored the root of Indian revisionism, and correctly draw a line of demarcation between revolution and reaction.
25 May: Historic peasant uprising begins at Naxalbari in Darjeeling district of West Bengal under the leadership of revolutionary communists belonging to the CPI (M). The uprising is brutally suppressed by the CPI (M)-led United Front government of West Bengal at the behest of the Congress government at the Centre. In reaction, communist revolutionary ranks rebel against the reformist-bureaucratic leadership of the party. The rebellion soon assumes an all India dimension. Entire state units of CPI (M) in Uttar Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir and considerable sections in Bihar and Andhra Pradesh join this rebellion.
July-November: Magazines that would later become CPI (ML)'s organs such as Deshabrati, the Bengali weekly, Liberation, the English monthly and Lokyudh, the Hindi weekly start appearing.
11 November: For the first time after the uprising, Comrade Charu Majumdar, the architect of Naxalbari, addresses the Shahid Minar rally organised by Naxalbari Krishak Sangram Sahayak Samiti.
12-13 November: Comrades from Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Orissa and West Bengal meet and form All India Coordination Committee of Revolutionaries in the CPI (M).
14 May: The Coordination Committee is renamed as the All India Coordination Committee of Communist Revolutionaries (AICCCR), with Comrade Sushital Roy Chaudhuri as its convener. However, Maoist Communist Centre of Kanai Chatterjee chooses to stay away from AICCCR. Within the AICCCR, certain fundamental differences lead to the exclusion of a section of Andhra comrades led by Comrade T. Nagi Reddy.
February: AICCCR unanimously decides to launch a new communist party.
22 April: Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) launched on the birth centenary day of Comrade Lenin. Comrade Charu Majumdar elected as the Secretary of the Central Organising Committee.
1 May: Declaration of Party formation by Comrade Kanu Sanyal at a massive meeting held at the Shahid Minar ground in Calcutta. CPI (M) tries to disrupt the meeting and it results in armed clashes. This marks the beginning of a whole series of CPI (M)-inspired attacks on CPI (ML) ranks taking an eventual toll of more than a thousand of our comrades.
By this time primary guerrilla zones appear at Debra-Gopiballavpur in West Bengal, Musahari in Bihar, Lakhimpur Kheri in Uttar Pradesh and above all at Srikakulam in Andhra Pradesh. Severe state repression is let loose on Srikakulam struggle. Comrade Panchadri Krishnamurty and six others are murdered on the night of 26-27 May. The period between November and early December witnesses the killing of Comrades Subbarao Panigrahi, Nirmala Krishnamurty and several other front ranking leaders. An unprecedented student-youth upsurge rocks Calcutta and almost all other cities and towns of West Bengal.
27 April: Deshabrati office in Calcutta which virtually functioned as the open Party centre is raided by the police. All out police repression ensues, forcing the party to go underground.
11 May: The First Party Congress is held in Calcutta under strict underground conditions. Comrade Charu Majumdar is elected the Party General Secretary.
10-11 July: Comrades Vempatapu Satyanarayana and Adibatla Kailasam, legendary leaders of the Srikakulam uprising, are captured and murdered by the police in cold blood. Srikakulam guerrilla zone begins to suffer reversals.
Comrade Appu, founder of the Party in Tamil Nadu and a member of the polit bureau dies a martyr some time in September or October. The news reaches after a lapse of time and the exact date of his martyrdom is never known.
Exploiting the Bangladesh war, Indian rulers deploy the army to crush the movement in West Bengal. Uprising in Birbhum marks the high point of this period. Several guerrilla zones begin to suffer reversals. Thousands embrace martyrdom. Over 50,000 put behind bars in various Indian jails. Comrade Saroj Dutta, polit bureau member and renowned revolutionary cultural leader, is secretly eliminated by the police in the early hours of August 5. In a calculated demonstration of fascist violence, more than 150 comrades are massacred at Kashipore-Baranagar near Calcutta on 12-13 August.
Inner-party struggles had started surfacing immediately after the First Congress. Amidst severe setbacks such struggles intensify and the Party begins to split.
28 July: After 12 days of torture in Lallbazar police lock-up, Comrade Charu Majumdar succumbs to death. With his martyrdom, the last vestige of the Party's central authority collapses.

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